The world’s largest crude distillation column equipment designed for crude oil processing for Dangote Refinery has arrived Lagos, its location, Business Day reports.
The Crude Distillation Column is the largest in terms of distilling capacity which is 650 thousand barrels per stream day. Rajen Sachar, Head, Maritime and Ports Infrastructure of Dangote, told newsmen during the arrival of the facility in Lagos on Sunday that the equipment is the biggest single-train facility used for refining crude.
The equipment weighs 2250MT. It is 112.5m long, 14.036m wide, and 13.752m high.
The above-mentioned weight does not include the weight of the internal trays which is approx. 536 MT.
It is the largest diameter, longest length and the heaviest single-unit equipment in domestic export equipment, Sachar said.
”It will be installed in the world’s largest single-series refinery – the 32.5 million tonne/year Dangote refinery in Nigeria.
”It will be installed in the world’s largest single-series refinery – the 32.5 million tonne/year Dangote refinery in Nigeria,” he explained.
The refinery equipment which was manufactured by Sinopec in China is the primary unit processor of crude oil into fuels.
He said that crude oil processor took 14 months in construction by Sinopec company in China and eight weeks to bring it down to Nigeria.
Sachar said the crude oil consists of various chemical components that have different molecular sizes, molecular weights, and boiling temperatures.
He added that the crude distillation column works on the principle of fractional distillation leading to separation of various components in the mixture on the basis of their different boiling points.
”Crude oil enters the top of the column, where the inlet temperature is 165 °C, gradually increasing to 357 °C at the bottom of the column.
“During this passage the crude and its vapours pass through a complex web of internal trays to increase the contact time and surface area within the column with the hot vapours travelling upwards through bubble caps which allow the vapour to pass through the tray with
the cooler liquid flowing downward the column.
“When the vapour reaches the height within the column where its boiling point is equal to the temperature of the column at that height it condenses to form a liquid.
“The liquid then collects on various trays in the column at differing heights from where it is extracted out of the column.
“It is therefore critical to control the heat load of the column to optimize the crude crack.
“These separated fractions are mainly middle distillates namely, Naphtha, Jet Fuel, Kerosene, Gasoline and Gas Oil,” Sachar added.
The company’s captain said that the refinery when completed will produce Euro-V quality gasoline and diesel, as well as jet fuel and polypropylene.
He said that the crude column will enhance the Nigerian economy and all neighbouring countries in Africa by making available refined petroleum products meeting world standards emission norms of Euro 5 and Euro 6.
The captain said the strategic location of Nigeria in West Africa will help in reducing the transportation costs of these fuels to other countries in the African subcontinent.
“Thereby providing cost-effective, high-grade petroleum products to them.
“This Refinery with a capacity of 650 kbpsd is higher than the total demand of Nigeria, thus catapulting Nigeria’s position from a net importer of petroleum products to a net exporter,” he said.
He said the technology would bring positive multiplier effect to the company and Nigeria through supply to a large market. Sachar added that the project was expected to generate over 9,500 direct and 25,000 indirect jobs.
”We decided to ship it through vessel from China to avoid it being damage and also to avoid traffic congestion if using roads from Apapa.
”Dangote refinery also invested heavily in dredging to sea from refinery to Apapa for easy passage of the vessel.
He said that the President of the company, Alhaji Aliko Dangote is passionate about technology transfer to Nigerians, adding that he has given a standing instruction to train seven Nigerians be ship Captains.
Sachar said Dangote Oil Refinery Company is currently training about 150 young Nigerian engineers in Indian on refinery operations in preparation for the take-off of its Lagos refinery and petrochemical plant. The engineers are currently undergoing training Mumbai, India, he said.
The training is a continuum as more engineers would be trained to work effectively in the fertilizer plant and refinery being built by the company, Sachar added.
In his remarks, Lawal Fagbo Saheed, Pilot Grade 1 of the Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA), commended the vessel crew who brought it from China, adding that it took seven hours to drive the vessel from Apapa to Dangote Refinery due to the heavy equipment.
According to Saheed, “It took an experienced and patient pilot to move the vessel to the final destination due to sea waves.
”We are happy today that am also part of progress and am proud to be associated with such landmark achievement.
Peace Mass Transit Launches 50 Brand New Buses [PHOTOS]
Peace Mass Transit (PMT) Limited, the leading mini-bus transport company in the country, has readied a total of 50 brand new buses for injection into its fleet.
The buses are all products of newly established PMT Vehicle Assembly Plant, located within the Emene Industrial Layout headquarters of the company.
PMT Executive Director in charge of operations, Enete Ifeanyi Henry Clinton disclosed that the new buses would be assigned to drivers and has already being deployed to all the PMT depots across the country.
Peace Mass Transit has an active fleet of 4,000 buses with at least 2,000 on the road daily. It regularly freshens up the fleet to meet customer expectations and also maintain its market leadership.
PMT Founder and Chief Executive Officer, Chief Samuel Maduka Onyishi, maintains he runs the company as a “ministry” and not strictly as a business, and would, always do what it takes to keep the company as an industry leader, at all times.
“The brand new buses we are injecting cost almost N 17 million per unit, but I have a pact with both God and our huge clientele to offer the best possible services at all, times,” he stated after inspecting the newly assembled buses on Monday.
Customers are encouraged to book online through www.pmt.ng, or visit our website –peacegroup.ng
Chief Onyishi, Member of the Order of the Niger (MON) expressed gratitude to God and also to Nigerians who have trusted the brand (PMT) for over 20years. He urged them to keep their faith in the company and promised to always deliver beyond their expectations.
“Our customers deserve even more and no less,” he added. “We will never take their patronage for granted because they have brought us this far.”
He reiterated that the introduction of the new buses was a “strategic fleet rejig” and in no way signified or suggested older vehicles had any maintenance issues or were about to be discarded.
“Our maintenance culture is top-notch and the team is manned by technicians and engineers some of whom were trained abroad.
All PMT vehicle plying the highway, are regularly checked for maintenance, to avoid breakdown. All our vehicles run on strong quality tires which are replaced upon attainment of a certain mileage.’’
He reiterated that the introduction of the new buses was a “strategic fleet rejig” and in no way signified or suggested older vehicles had any maintenance issues or were about to be discarded the chairman concluded.
Special, distinguishing features of the new buses include, but not limited to EBS/ABS brake system combined, digital dashboard, factory-fitted speed limiter, on-board TV, and DVC player for customers’ non-stop pleasure.
According to the Executive Director, Ifeanyi, ‘’Multiple charging points and luggage controls are being provided, with all the buses fully air-conditioned, which includes protective seat belts for all passengers.
Free Wi-Fi services for passengers are still in the works.
‘I Didn’t Inherit Any Money From My Father, I Built Everything From Scratch’ — Dangote
Africa’s richest man, Aliko Dangote has revealed that he didn’t inherit any money from his father.
He stated that he built his empire from nothing.
It is widely believed that the Billionaire inherited his wealth from his late father, Mohammed Dangote.
Speaking in a new interview, Dangote however confirmed that his father who died when he was only 8 years old was actually wealthy but he (Dangote) gave out the things that his late father willed to him to charity, and started his own life.
Aliko Dangote is now valued at $14bn by Forbes and this makes him the 95th richest person in the world.
He has the largest cement company in Africa and his refinery in Ibeju-Lekki when completed is set to be one of the largest in the world.
Dangote Shuns Innoson Motors, Orders 10,000 Trucks From Indonesia
Dangote Group has concluded plans to purchase 10,000 light pickup trucks.
But the company appears to have shunned Nigerian carmaker, Innoson Vehicle Manufacturing, IVM, as the trucks are coming in from Indonesia.
Putu Juli Ardika, the Indonesian Director of Maritime Industry, Transportation Equipment and Defense Equipment, said the vehicles would be purchased by Aliko Dangote through his company, Dangote Group.
Ardika explained that the trucks would be imported into Nigeria to serve as means of transportation to rural communities.
He said the vehicles would be used by farmers and others in Nigeria’s agricultural value chain, to transport water, cassava, and seed processors.
“Dangote’s team will check three units as a sample to be brought to Africa at the end of January.
“The trucks are set to be exported over five years, with 1,000 units to be exported this year and next year,” Putu said.